- Also know as "The Nine Odes," a set of Biblical poems sung in the Byzantine morning office (Orthrōs), perhaps as early as the sixth century. They are: 1) the canticle of Moses (Ex. 15: 1–19); 2) the death canticle of Moses (Deut. 32: 1–43); 3) the canticle of Hannah (1 Sam. 2: 1–10); 4) the canticle of Habakkuk (Hab. 3: 2–19); 5) the canticle of Isaiah (Isa. 26: 29–19); 6) the canticle of Jonah (Jonah 2: 3–10); 7) the canticle of Azariah (Dan. 3: 26–45, 52–56); 8) the song of the three children (Dan. 3: 57–88); 9) the canticles of Mary, the Theotokos, and Zacharia (Lk. 1: 46–55, 68–79;). Since the late Middle Ages the second has not been sung except during Lent.
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
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Canticle — A canticle (from the Latin canticulum , a diminutive of canticum , song) is a hymn (strictly excluding the Psalms) taken from the Bible. The term is often expanded to include ancient non biblical hymns such as the Te Deum and certain psalms used… … Wikipedia
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The Rite of Constantinople (Byzantine Rite) — The Rite of Constantinople † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Rite of Constantinople (Also BYZANTINE RITE.) The Liturgies, Divine Office, forms for the administration of sacraments and for various blessings, sacramentals, and exorcisms … Catholic encyclopedia
Hymnody and Hymnology — • Hymnody means exactly hymn song , but as the hymn singer as well as the hymn poet are included under (hymnodos), so we also include under hymnody the hymnal verse or religious lyric. Hymnology is the science of hymnody or the historico… … Catholic encyclopedia
Kanon — (pl. Kanones) Byzantine hymn form derivative of Biblical canticles dating from the end of the seventh century. A kanon consists of nine odes, each of which contains its own melodic pattern (hirmus) setting six to nine stanzas (troparia) of… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Canticle — Christian term for sacred song whose text is Biblical but is not one of the psalms. The Canticle of Moses (Exodus 15:1– 19), the Hymn of the Three Children (Daniel 3:57–88) and some others were used in Jewish temple and synagogue rites in… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Byzantine music — is the music of the Byzantine Empire composed to Greek texts as ceremonial, festival, or church music [The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. 2007 Byzantine music ] . Greek and foreign historians agree that the ecclesiastical tones and in… … Wikipedia
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Byzantine Chant — Chant of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Uniate Church of the Byzantine Rite, and other ecclesial descendants of the eastern Roman empire. An estimated 15,000 manuscripts of the chant survive, although only about 10 percent are written in a… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Heirmologion — Liturgical book of the Byzantine chant containing the first strophes for the Nine Canticles for the divine office of orthrōs. A mnemonic resource, the book would be used by singers to remind themselves of the melody for each ode, which would… … Historical dictionary of sacred music